Restless Legs Syndrome is a common neurological condition characterised by annoying feelings with the legs with the powerful desire to move the lower limbs, ordinarily only when trying to rest. The peculiar experience, typically with the calf muscles, may be described as a type of muscle cramp, ache or even a creeping, moving feeling. Suffers of this liken the feeling to shooting darts of an electrical source, or perhaps a sensation of creatures within the legs. These sensations vary in intensity from miserable to bothersome to painful.
Probably the most unique aspect of the problem is that lying down and seeking to relax brings on the symptoms. Because of this, the majority of people with restless legs syndrome have a problem going to sleep and staying asleep. If this is not dealt with, the condition leads to tiredness and also day time low energy.
Those that have restless legs syndrome sense uncomfortable sensations in their lower limbs, especially when seated or lying down, together with the irresistible urge to move the lower limb. These feelings ordinarily take place deep within the leg, between the knee and ankle; far more rarely, they will happen in the foot, thighs, arms, and hands. Although the symptoms can happen on only one side of the body, they most often affect both sides. Simply because moving the legs relieves the sensation, people with restless legs syndrome usually keep their lower limbs moving to attenuate or prevent the sensations. They may pace around, continuously move their lower limbs when sitting, and toss and turn in bed.
A lot of affected individuals find the feelings of restless legs syndrome being significantly less apparent during the day and more obvious later in the day or at night, mainly in the course of the oncoming of sleep. For some people, the symptoms disappear by early morning, allowing for more refreshing sleep at that time. Other triggering situations are periods of inactivity such as long car trips, sitting in a movie theatre, long-distance flights, immobilisation in a cast, or relaxation exercises.
The reason is unidentified but sufferers a family background of restless legs syndrome comprise about half of the cases, and those with low iron amounts or anaemia, chronic disorders such as kidney failure, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy, plus some pregnant women during the last trimester and individuals taking specific medicines seem to be more likely to to be affected by restless legs syndrome.
Restless legs syndrome may affect any individual of any age, while the disorder is a lot more prevalent with advancing age. It occurs in both genders, although the frequency can be slightly increased in females. Occasionally those with this will encounter a natural reduction on symptoms during a period of weeks or months. While uncommon, spontaneous improvement after a number of years could also occur. In the event that these types of changes come about, it is almost always in the course of the first phases of the disorder. Typically, however, feelings get more intense over time.
The clinical diagnosis of restless legs syndrome can be hard to arrive at. Medical professionals usually rely mainly on the sufferers explanations of the sensations and information from their medical history, including past medical conditions, family history, and also present medicines. Patients might be inquired about frequency, duration, and also the level of the sensations as well as their tendency toward day time sleeping activities and drowsiness, disturbance of sleeping, or any day time sensations. If a patient’s background is an indication of restless legs symptoms, clinical assessments may be carried out to rule out other concerns and support the proper diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Blood tests, assessments to measure electrical activity in muscle tissue as well as nerves, and other tests to evaluate muscle signals in the legs might be recommended. Such assessments are able to find any associated injury or disease in nerves and neural roots as well as other leg-related movement conditions.